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European models of bilingual education

In a number of European regions, such as Catalonia, Wales, Fryslân and the Basque Country, two languages officially co-exist. In several of these regions educational policy reflects the co-existence of two languages in that the goals of education entail the achievement of full bilingualism and biliteracy for pupils regardless of their home language background.
The project European models of bilingual education was aimed at presenting an overview of the various models of bilingual education that have been developed to cope with the issue of mixed linguistic backgrounds of the region concerned. Another goal is to study whether, and if so, how differentiation according to the home language background is applied in the education systems of a number of European regions where two languages co-exist. A last aim of the project is to discuss the question whether, and if so, how models could be implemented in other contexts.
For the realisation of the project, use was made of the information entered into the Mercator-Education databank. Secondly, the method included data relating to the subject and fieldwork in the regions concerned.

The project started in 1994 and ended in 1998.

The following cases are part of the project:

  • French in the Aosta Valley (published)
  • Catalan in Catalonia (published)
  • Frisian in the Netherlands
  • Irish in the Republic of Ireland