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Article 8 (on education)

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Explanatory report on Article 8

Article 8 Education

  1. With regard to education, the Parties undertake, within the territory in which such languages are used, according to the situation of each of these languages, and without prejudice to the teaching of the official language(s) of the State:
    1.  
      1. to make available pre-school education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      2. to make available a substantial part of pre-school education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      3. to apply one of the measures provided for under i and ii above at least to those pupils whose families so request and whose number is considered sufficient; or
      4. if the public authorities have no direct competence in the field of pre-school education, to favour and/or encourage the application of the measures referred to under i to iii above;
    2.  
      1. to make available primary education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      2. to make available a substantial part of primary education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      3. to provide, within primary education, for the teaching of the relevant regional or minority languages as an integral part of the curriculum; or
      4. to apply one of the measures provided for under i to iii above at least to those pupils whose families so request and whose number is considered sufficient;
    3.  
      1. to make available secondary education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      2. to make available a substantial part of secondary education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      3. to provide, within secondary education, for the teaching of the relevant regional or minority languages as an integral part of the curriculum; or
      4. to apply one of the measures provided for under i to iii above at least to those pupils who, or where appropriate whose families, so wish in a number considered sufficient;
    4.  
      1. to make available technical and vocational education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      2. to make available a substantial part of technical and vocational education in the relevant regional or minority languages; or
      3. to provide, within technical and vocational education, for the teaching of the relevant regional or minority languages as an integral part of the curriculum; or
      4. to apply one of the measures provided for under i to iii above at least to those pupils who, or where appropriate whose families, so wish in a number considered sufficient;
    5.  
      1. to make available university and other higher education in regional or minority languages; or
      2. to provide facilities for the study of these languages as university and higher education subjects; or
      3. if, by reason of the role of the State in relation to higher education institutions, sub-paragraphs i and ii cannot be applied, to encourage and/or allow the provision of university or other forms of higher education in regional or minority languages or of facilities for the study of these languages as university or higher education subjects;
    6.  
      1. to arrange for the provision of adult and continuing education courses which are taught mainly or wholly in the regional or minority languages; or
      2. to offer such languages as subjects of adult and continuing education; or
      3. if the public authorities have no direct competence in the field of adult education, to favour and/or encourage the offering of such languages as subjects of adult and continuing education;
    7. to make arrangements to ensure the teaching of the history and the culture which is reflected by the regional or minority language;
    8. to provide the basic and further training of the teachers required to implement those of paragraphs a to g accepted by the Party;
    9. to set up a supervisory body or bodies responsible for monitoring the measures taken and progress achieved in establishing or developing the teaching of regional or minority languages and for drawing up periodic reports of their findings, which will be made public.
    10. With regard to education and in respect of territories other than those in which the regional or minority languages are traditionally used, the Parties undertake, if the number of users of a regional or minority language justifies it, to allow, encourage or provide teaching in or of the regional or minority language at all the appropriate stages of education.
  2. With regard to education and in respect of territories other than those in which the regional or minority languages are traditionally used, the Parties undertake, if the number of users of a regional or minority language justifies it, to allow, encourage or provide teaching in or of the regional or minority language at all the appropriate stages of education.