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The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and Education

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Source: Council of Europe:

The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and Education (Article 8)

There are 8 countries in the European Union that have ratified the Charter until now. They have all done that in recent years. Spain was one of the latest to ratify and has done that with a special clause. Instead of referring to particular languages, Spain has ratified for regional or minority languages that are protected by the autonomous communities and the languages that are protected by the statutes of autonomy in the territories where they are traditionally spoken. No names of the languages are mentioned. Languages is a very political issue in Spain and apart from the big language groups there are several smaller ones.

The United Kingdom also ratified in 2001, but has excluded Cornish from this ratification.

One of the first countries to sign was the Netherlands, together with Luxembourg. Luxembourg has still not ratified, while the Netherlands ratified only six years later.

France has also signed, but still not ratified and it is not likely that they will. France considers ratification incompatible with its constitution as it means granting collective rights to a group of speakers. But is has signed to promote the European language heritage. In Italy things have slowed down with the government change. A main education reform is taking place at the moment. Belgium, Greece, Ireland and Portugal have not signed.

Article 8 on education

The eight countries that have ratified

Official website on the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and Education